Tomada de Decisão Estratégica: Mapeamento das Pesquisas a Partir da Análise Fatorial Exploratória e Escalonamento Multidimensional

Ivano Ribeiro, Fernando Antonio Ribeiro Serra, Márcio Luiz Marietto, Bernardo Paraiso de Campos Serra

Resumo


Para compreender as conexões entre autores, conceitos e teorias que abordam o tema de tomada de decisão estratégica, neste artigo foram analisadas as citações e co-citações de estudos publicados até 2014. A amostra foi de 489 artigos publicados em periódicos internacionais incluídos na base da Web of Science - ISI Web of Knowledge. A pesquisa foi realizada com a utilização de palavras-chave que possibilitaram a identificação do maior número possível de artigos relacionados ao tema. Por meio do Escalonamento Multidimensional-MDS e da Análise Fatorial Exploratória–EFA foram identificadas as relações conceituais e teóricas envolvidas nestes estudos. Os resultados demonstram que de 1980 a 2014 três diferentes fatores se destacam: o primeiro relacionado com estudos sobre conflitos; o segundo fator ligado ao Top Management Team-TMT e a tomada de decisão; e o terceiro relacionado aos processos. Também foi identificado que mais recentemente - de 2013 a 2014 - os estudos sobre a tomada de decisão estratégica estão convergindo para a análise de conflito e processo, composição e controle, mantendo-se a Teoria do Alto Escalão como a teoria central nesses estudos, sendo esta a principal contribuição deste artigo.

Palavras-chave


Tomada de decisão; Alto Escalão; Estratégia

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